Women’s healthcare requires special attention due to the delicate nature of their issues. Most issues that uniquely affect women involve the reproductive system, which is essential for child-bearing. This has led to new women’s centers that deal with these problems specifically. Lauren E. Spoo, MD is a renowned OB/GYN and robotic gynecological surgeon with vast experience and expertise in dealing with women’s healthcare. More about what OB/GYNs do is discussed below.
Who is an OB/GYN?
An OB/GYN is a specialist with knowledge in gynecology and obstetrics, while a gynecologist only focuses on gynecology.
An obstetrician is a doctor who treats and manages all issues during pregnancy until after giving birth. They can deliver babies while providing fertility treatment therapies. Obstetricians ensure you have a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby is born while guiding premature deliveries.
Obstetricians can deal with various pregnancy complications like:
· Signs of fetal distress
· When the fetus grows outside the uterus
· Placenta issues
· Cesarean section deliveries
Obstetricians can also handle cases of postpartum pregnancies.
A gynecologist specializes in a woman’s reproductive health from when they begin their menstrual cycle to post-menopause. They diagnose and treat many conditions affecting your reproductive system, including the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and vagina.
They also perform screenings like pap smears, breast exams, and pelvic exams. Tube ligations, hysterectomies, and HPV shots to prevent cancer-causing HPV are also done by gynecologists. They also provide advice on sexual issues like contraceptives, sexual practices, and protection from sexually transmitted infections.
Gynecologists diagnose and treat conditions like:
· Vaginal infections
· Irregular menstruation
· Reproductive system cancers
· Conditions that cause pain during sex
· Prolapse of pelvic organs
· Ovarian cysts
· Vaginal and cervical polyps
· Uterine fibroids
Gynecologist and obstetrician training first involves attending medical school to attain Pediatrics or Internal Medicine certification. This is followed by the completion of:
· A certification exam by the associated medical board
· Four or five years of residency in obstetrics and gynecology
· A certification exam for Obstetrics and Gynecology by the relevant national board
Other reasons may make you visit a gynecologist or obstetrician. These include:
Managing and treating of various sexually transmitted diseases can be done if you experience symptoms of unusual discharge or abnormal discomfort after sexual intercourse.
Swelling of your feet and ankles is typical during pregnancy. However, the swelling may be excessive or sudden, indicating signs of preeclampsia. This condition occurs when protein and high blood pressure develop after being pregnant for twenty weeks. You should contact your doctor if the swelling is accompanied by headaches, abdominal pain, vomiting, infrequent urination, nausea, and vision changes.
Considering most people do not want to conceive every time they have sexual activities, family planning through contraceptives can efficiently avoid unwanted situations.
OB/GYN specialists perform both activities of a gynecologist and an obstetrician. Thus when women visit such a specialist, most of their female health problems can be handled. For OB/GYN inquiries, visit us online, or call our offices in Houston, TX.