Floaters are a type of eye problem that is common as people age. The vast majority of people over the age of 40 in New York will experience them at some point or another. The good news is that a specialist can usually manage them. Book an appointment with Dr. Russell Levine New York. Here are some of the most common reasons why people develop eye floaters.
- Age-Related Changes in the Vitreous Humor
The vitreous humor is a clear, gelatinous fluid that fills the eyeball between the lens and the retina. As we age, this fluid gradually thickens and starts to clump. This can cause debris (including floaters) to form in the fluid, which we then see as spots or strings moving across our field of vision.
- Damage to the Retina
The retina is a thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball responsible for converting images into electrical signals that the brain can understand. If the retina develops some damage – for example, by a scratch, tear, or hole – it can also cause floaters.
Although retina detachment is not common, it can develop in the long run if the underlying problems that led to the floaters are not treated. Suppose you experience sudden changes in your vision, such as a loss of peripheral vision, flashes or spots, or new onset of floaters. In that case, it’s essential to see your eye doctor immediately.
- Tumors or Blood Vessels in the Eye
In sporadic cases, floaters can be caused by tumors or blood vessels growing on the retina’s surface. This is more likely to occur in people with diabetes or other health conditions that affect the eyes. If you have any concerns about the cause of your floaters, be sure to talk to your doctor.
- Inflammation or Infection of the Eye
Inflammation is a response by the body to injury or infection. It occurs when cells in the affected area release chemicals that cause blood vessels to leak fluid into the tissue. This can cause swelling, pain, and a warm feeling in the area.
Any inflammation or infection in the eye can cause floaters. It may be due to a viral or bacterial infection, an allergic reaction, or an injury to the eye.
- Damage to the Lens
The lens is a transparent structure that sits behind the pupil and helps focus light on the retina. If the lens becomes damaged – for example, by a scratch, bruise, or cataract – it can also cause floaters.
You can protect your lens from damage by wearing sunglasses when outside, avoiding contact with chemicals or debris, and not rubbing your eyes.
- Bleeding In the Eyes
Bleeding in the eyes can cause blood cells and other debris to enter the vitreous humor and cause floaters. This may be due to an eye injury, a tumor, or a problem with the blood vessels in the eye.
There are many different causes of bleeding in the eyes, so if you are experiencing this type of eye problem, it is best to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
While most eye floaters are harmless and cause no further problems, it is always best to get them checked out by a doctor if they are causing significant discomfort or vision problems. By knowing the causes of eye floaters, you can take steps to manage them and keep