What are the Main Causes of Eczema?

Eczema is a chronic skin condition that can affect almost any body part, but it’s most common on the face, especially around the eyes, mouth, and forehead. Eczema Downtown DC is characterized by redness and itching, which can be very painful.

Eczema is a common skin condition that causes dry, peeling skin. The top layer of your skin (dermis) becomes inflamed due to an immune system response against something in your environment or lifestyle. The specific cause of eczema will vary from person to person. However, there are some common causes, including:

Infectious skin diseases (viral, bacterial, fungal)

Eczema is the most common form of inflammatory skin disease in children. The most common infectious cause is atopic dermatitis, caused by a family of viruses called human herpesviruses 6 and 7 (HHV6/7). Other causes include streptococcal infections, group A streptococcal infections, and impetigo.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy or puberty

During pregnancy, the hormonal levels in the body change, which can cause many skin problems. High estrogen levels during pregnancy may cause severe itching and irritation on the skin. If a pregnant woman has eczema, it may get worse during pregnancy as the estrogen levels rise. Also, there is a risk that an allergic reaction will occur at some point during pregnancy.

Physical or chemical irritants

Skin irritation or chemical injury may play a role in some cases of eczema that do not appear to be associated with an underlying infection. For example, a recent study showed that using topically applied cold cream could cause severe eczematous rashes in some patients with atopic dermatitis.

Medication side effects

Medications can cause or worsen dry skin conditions such as eczema. Some medicines may cause skin drying, while others may make the skin more sensitive to the effects of other medications. If you experience dry skin, it is important to check with your doctor if you are on any medications and whether they could be causing or worsening your condition.

Allergic reactions

Allergies may be due to various substances in everyday life, such as dust mites, pet hair, etc. These substances can trigger an allergic reaction leading to skin inflammation. Eczema may then develop as a result of this reaction or due to another allergy such as latex or mites, which can also cause inflammation in the skin leading to a flare-up of symptoms like itching and scratching.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is an immune system disorder that causes dry, itchy skin on the face, hands, and legs. It’s more common in people with asthma or hay fever (seasonal allergies). It’s also more common in children than adults.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an allergic reaction to substances such as fragrances, cosmetics, and household cleaners. It usually affects the hands and feet but can happen anywhere on your body.

Although eczema is not life-threatening, it is important to treat it quickly to prevent complications from developing. Eczema treatment is a long-term process that requires a combination of medicines and measures to treat your symptoms. Your doctor will prescribe the most appropriate treatment for you. Call Metroderm DC: Medical, Laser, and Aesthetic Dermatology Center to schedule an appointment with a doctor to learn more about eczema and the available treatment options.

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