PAD is caused by a buildup of plaque in the arteries. This plaque is made up of cholesterol, fat, and other substances. Over time, the plaque hardens and narrows the artery, making it difficult for blood to flow through. This can cause pain, cramping, or cramping in the legs during exercise or walking. If the plaque breaks open, it can cause a blood clot to form, leading to a heart attack or stroke. If you have been diagnosed with PAD, you should talk to a specialist in peripheral arterial disease, Coconut Creek. We look at some of the standard treatment options they can recommend.
Being overweight is a risk factor for PAD. If you have been diagnosed with PAD, you should try to lose weight. This will help reduce the plaque in your arteries and improve blood flow. It also reduces your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Exercise is vital for people with PAD. It helps improve blood flow and reduces the risk of heart disease and stroke. Walking, jogging, cycling, and swimming are all good exercises for people with PAD. You should talk to your doctor about an exercise plan that is right for you. Ideally, you should exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week.
Smoking is one of the most critical risk factors for PAD. It damages the arteries and increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. If you have PAD, you should quit smoking as soon as possible. Many resources help you stop, including counseling and nicotine replacement products.
Eat a Healthy Diet
Eating a healthy diet is essential for people with PAD. Eating foods high in fiber, fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats can help reduce plaque in the arteries. It is also important to limit foods high in saturated fat, salt, and sugar.
You can use several medications to treat PAD. These include aspirin, statins, and blood pressure medications. Your doctor will work with you to find the proper medication or drugs for your individual needs. Most medications reduce inflammation, lower cholesterol, or improve blood flow.
Angioplasty and Stenting
If lifestyle changes and medications are not enough to improve blood flow, you may need a procedure called angioplasty. A small balloon is inserted into the artery and inflated during this procedure. This opens up the artery and improves blood flow. Sometimes, a small metal tube, called a stent, is placed in the artery to keep it open.
In some cases, you may need surgery to improve blood flow. One option is bypass surgery, which creates a new blood flow route around the blocked artery. Another option is endarterectomy, which involves removing the plaque from the artery. Surgery is usually only recommended if other treatments have not worked.
In summary, PAD is a condition caused by plaque buildup in the arteries. It can lead to pain, cramping, or cramping in the legs during exercise or walking. If left untreated, it can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Treatment options include weight loss, exercise, quitting smoking, and medications. In some cases, you may need surgery.